Page 1 Page 2 Page 3 Page 4 Page 5 Page 6 Page 7 Page 8 Page 9 Page 10 Page 11 Page 12 Page 13 Page 14 Page 15 Page 168 Notes 8 Bolstering the Association A fter World War II, the IUGM executive committee tried to strengthen the effectiveness of the association through the appointment of a part-time field secretary. Peter Quartel of Dayton, Ohio, was the first. Quartel’s efforts bore fruit, but for varying reasons, he was forced to discontinue his services. Others who undertook the responsibility were I. L. Eldridge, J. Arthur Schlicter, E. R. MacKinney, and Harry H. Hadley. In 1948, Rev. Chauncey Beeman was hired as a full-time field secretary and served one year. All of the field secretaries raised their own support to do the job. In the mid 1950s, the executive committee was empowered to select a person to serve with the elevated title of executive secretary. This person would be asked to maintain an office, help with communications, promote rescue missions, and generally serve the president. Rev. Ernest Tippett, who had served as treasurer of the IUGM, became the first executive The History We Celebrate An Association with Deep Roots continued continued “The King will reply, ‘Truly I tell you, whatever you did for one of the least of these brothers and sisters of mine, you did for me.’” —Matthew 25:40 T he missions that were spreading across North America in the late 1800s, just like churches, differed considerably in form and doctrine. Churches recognized this and endorsed the missions they felt had the “correct” methodology and theology. Then there was the problem of the numerous extremist-run and fad- driven missions—self-appointed varieties that no church would embrace because of their strange dogma, underhanded operations, or attempts to swindle the poor and the honest people who gathered around to help them. Such operations did great damage to the reputation of gospel missions and the cause of Christ. Many church and mission leaders alike felt that a union of gospel missions was needed to bring accountability to this growing genus of ministry. So in 1906, the National Federation of Gospel Missions was founded in the offices of the Christian Herald in New York City. (The Christian Herald operated The Bowery Mission.) Its purpose was to provide oversight and foster fellowship and cooperation between gospel mission leaders. The National Federation of Gospel Missions included the Salvation Army, which had spread to the United States from England in the late 1870s. (Interestingly, the Salvation Army limited itself to gospel preaching and conversion early on. It did not open any food and lodging “depots” in the United States until 1891, after studying the operations of several gospel missions.) But this association did not function well since it represented what by this time had become two strong, well- organized movements. In 1913 the inevitable occurred: The National Federation of Gospel Missions was trans- muted into the International Union of Gospel Missions (IUGM), sans the Salvation Army. Some saw this as largely a name change since the officers remained the same. Its president was Sidney Whittemore. Emma Whittemore was vice president. Other officers were Sarah Wray, the director of New York’s Eighth Avenue Mission, and George H. Sandison, an editor of the Christian Herald. Around this same time, another quasi-association called the Western Brotherhood was formed in Grand Rapids, Michigan. Mel Trotter, then superintendent of the City Mission in Grand Rapids (now Mel Trotter Ministries), was its president. It included about forty missions and a group of ministers. The Western Brotherhood was folded into the IUGM in 1923. The Need for an Association District gathering of the National Federation of Gospel Missions, 1909