Page 1 Page 2 Page 3 Page 4 Page 5 Page 6 Page 7 Page 8 Page 9 Page 10 Page 11 Page 12 Page 13 Page 14 Page 15 Page 16Association History 13 from rescue ministries in thirty-four nations. Members of its executive committee were: Chairman Charles Chambers, Australia; Vice Chairman Rev. Stephen Burger, United States; Edwin Orton, England; Rev. Bruce Duncan, South Africa; Rev. Raimo Sinkkonen, Finland; Samuel Thangarpulavar, India; Rev. Dr. Paul Toaspern, Germany. On May 31, 2000, the delegates at the 87th Annual Convention changed the name of the International Union of Gospel Missions to the Association of Gospel Rescue Missions (AGRM). The new name emphasized the associa- tion concept and de-emphasized the term union, which many thought to be misleading. It also underscored the term rescue, something that most missions had identified with for decades. Rescue became the new mantra. During Burger’s tenure, he continued to emphasize mission expansion and oversaw the start of a dozen new missions in major cities. He also sought to build up the frontline mission worker through a distance-learning program called Rescue College (now City Vision College). By 2006, it became fully accredited as a degree-conferring institution. Under Burger, AGRM also provided oversight to an already established ministry, Alcoholics Victorious. Steve faithfully served as executive director of the IUGM/AGRM through June 30, 2007. His wife, Delores, served by his side throughout his tenure. Most notably, she was the association’s historian and wrote the book, Women Who Changed the Heart of the City. Another Paradigm Shift C ultural changes teamed with population movements in the 1980s and 1990s found rescue missions having to add continuing education and job training to their lists of services. A new emphasis was put on social enterprises to better prepare those who found new life in Christ to adapt to a demanding world and live in society. As the gap between the “haves” and “have-nots” in North America continued to widen, it was an economic meltdown at the end of 2008 and the beginning of 2009 that caused rescue missions to seriously re-evaluate their programs and services. Homelessness, always a significant issue, shot to the top of the list of North America’s social concerns. Homeless families—most often women with children—became the fastest-growing segment of the population in search of rescue mission assistance. Women and children’s centers began to grow in number. Missions started to expand their services beyond their properties, going deeper into their communities. A new emphasis on helping people get housing and secure employment began to take hold in missions from coast to coast. Association History 13 EXTERNAL ENVIRONMENT